Here’s everything you need to know about high blood pressure.
The blood and oxygen that your circulatory system transports throughout your body are essential for the survival and effective operation of your tissues and organs. Each time the heart beats, it exerts pressure on the arteries, veins, and capillaries of the body, which in turn causes the blood.to flow through the vascular network. As you go about your daily routine, your heart rate and blood pressure fluctuate. However, blood pressure that is consistently higher than usual is known as high blood pressure, or hypertension.
Risks of high blood pressure
This increased stress on your heart, blood vessels and other vital organs can lead to heart disease, as well as other conditions, such as blindness or renal failure.
High blood pressure that doesn’t go down might put you at risk for a variety of serious and even life-threatening illnesses, including:
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Hypertension is a common yet often unnoticed disease. A large number of people will not notice any change in their health. Getting to a point where symptoms are noticeable could take years or even decades. Even so, these symptoms could be caused by a variety of different conditions.
The symptoms of high blood pressure include:
- Blood spots in the eyes (Subconjunctival Hemorrhage)
Getting your blood pressure checked on a regular basis is the greatest approach to detecting hypertension. When you have an annual physical check-up, chat with your doctor about your risk for hypertension and any additional readings you may need to track. This allows you and your doctor to keep an eye out for potential problems before they become a problem.
Causes of high blood pressure
Over time, high blood pressure tends to grow. Unhealthy lifestyle choices, including not getting enough regular exercise, might contribute to this. There are a number of health factors that raise the chance of developing high blood pressure, including diabetes and obesity. Pregnancy-related high blood pressure is also possible.
Causes of high blood pressure include:
- Essential Hypertension – This is a lifelong form of hypertension. This type of elevated blood pressure affects a large number of people. Factors include genes, age, race, obesity, or high sodium intake.
- Secondary Hypertension – Secondary hypertension can develop much more quickly than primary hypertension, and it can be far more severe as a result. Several conditions can be caused by various sources, including kidney disease, congenital heart defects, adrenal gland problems, among others.
Treatment for high blood pressure
Changing one’s way of life can help many people with high blood pressure get their numbers under control or keep them there. Talk to your medical staff about this issue. They may suggest some ways to prevent and treat high blood pressure, including:
- Physical exercise
- Stopping smoking habit
- Eating a healthy diet
- Managing stress
- Keeping a healthy weight
- Taking medications
Some persons with high blood pressure require medication in addition to modifying their lifestyles in a favorable way.
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